Baalbek (/ˈbɑːlbɛk, ˈbeɪəlbɛk/; Arabic: بعلبك‎, romanized: Baʿlabakk, Syriac-Aramaic: ܒܥܠܒܟ) is a city found east of the Litani River in Lebanon’s Beqaa Valley, around 67 km (42 mi) upper east of Beirut. It is the capital of Baalbek-Hermel Governorate. In Greek and Roman occasions Baalbek was otherwise called Heliopolis (Ἡλιούπολις, Greek for “Sun City”). In 1998 Baalbek had a populace of 82,608, generally Shia Muslims, trailed by Sunni Muslims and Christians.

It is home to the Baalbek sanctuary complex which incorporates two of the biggest and most fabulous Roman sanctuary ruins: the Temple of Bacchus and the Temple of Jupiter. It was engraved in 1984 as a UNESCO World Heritage site.